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STATE SMARTER BALANCE TEST RESULTS – A COMPARISON

State Schools Press Release to follow after comparisons (see below)

(ELA: English and Language Arts)

Discovery Bay Elementary:

ELA:  27% Exceeded + 31% Standard Met = 58% Meeting or Exceeding the state standard

MATH:  24% Exceeded + 32% Standard Met = 56% Meeting or Exceeding the state standard

Timber Point Elementary:

MATH:  14% Exceeded + 26% Standard Met = 40% Meeting or Exceeding the state standard

ELA:  25% Exceeded + 28% Standard Met = 53% Meeting or Exceeding the state standard

Brentwood Unified Elementary District:

MATH:  18% Exceeded + 26% Standard Met = 44% Meeting or Exceeding the state standard

ELA:  19% Exceeded + 34% Standard Met = 53% Meeting or Exceeding the state standard

San Ramon Unified District:

ELA:  44% Exceeded + 37% Standard Met = 81% Meeting or Exceeding the state standard

MATH:  44% Exceeded + 29% Standard Met = 73% Meeting or Exceeding the state standard

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State Schools Chief Torlakson Calls First Year of CAASPP Results

California’s Starting Point Toward Goal of Career and College Readiness

 

SACRAMENTO—State Superintendent of Public Instruction Tom Torlakson today unveiled the results of new online assessments administered to about 3.2 million students last spring to gauge their progress in learning new, more rigorous academic standards designed to prepare them for college and careers in the 21st century.

Because 2015 is the first year of the new tests and because they are substantially different from their predecessors, Torlakson said the California Assessment of Student Performance and Progress (CAASPP) results will serve as a baseline from which to measure future progress and should not be compared to results from the state’s previous assessments, the Standardized Testing and Reporting (STAR) program.

CAASPP includes a number of assessments, but the most widely given are the Smarter Balanced Summative Assessments, which evaluate student progress on the California standards in mathematics and English language arts/literacy, often referred to as the Common Core.

“The results show our starting point as a state, a window into where California students are in meeting tougher academic standards that emphasize critical thinking, problem solving, and analytical writing,” Torlakson said. “California’s new standards and tests are challenging for schools to teach and for students to learn, so I am encouraged that many students are at or near achievement standards. However, just as we expected, many students need to make more progress. Our job is to support students, teachers, and schools as they do.”

Preliminary figures indicate that less than 1 percent of California students did not take the assessment resulting from a parental exemption. That shows, Torlakson said, that there is a high level of commitment to the new standards among parents, teachers, students, and business and community leaders.

The new standards and tests enjoy widespread support from leaders in K-12 and higher education who believe they can improve college readiness. California’s state universities and most community colleges use the eleventh grade results as an early signal of readiness to take college courses. In English language arts/literacy, 56 percent of the eleventh graders tested are ready or conditionally ready for college work, while in math 29 percent are ready or conditionally ready.

The CAASPP tests for English language arts/literacy and mathematics were given to students in grades three through eight and grade eleven. They consist of two parts. First, is an adaptive test taken on a computer that gives students different follow-up questions based on their answers, thereby providing a more refined picture of a student’s abilities. Second, is a performance task that challenges students to apply their knowledge and skills to real-world problems? The two parts measure depth of understanding, writing, research, and problem-solving skills.

In contrast, STAR was a multiple-choice, paper-based test in which students, for the most part, filled in bubbles on paper and could more easily guess correct answers.

On CAASPP, students’ scores fall into one of four achievement levels: standard exceeded, standard met, standard nearly met, and standard not met.

Statewide in all grades, 44 percent of students met or exceeded the English language arts/literacy standard and 34 percent met or exceeded the mathematics standard. (Table 1)

For English language arts/literacy statewide in all grades: 16 percent exceeded standard, 28 percent met standard, 25 percent nearly met standard, and 31 percent did not meet standard. For mathematics statewide in all grades: 14 percent exceeded standard, 19 percent met standard, 29 percent nearly met standard, and 38 percent did not meet standard. Attached (Tables 2 and 3 and Figures 1 and 2) provide a breakdown grade by grade in each subject.

The CAASPP Results Web site (not yet active) contains the results for all counties, districts, and schools across the state, broken down by grade, gender, ethnic groups, and demographics. In addition, the Web site allows users to download results and search individual categories.

The baseline scores reflect, in part, the rigor of the state’s new academic standards, Torlakson said. CAASPP focuses on assessing crucial abilities, such as analyzing problems, thinking independently, and writing clearly with evidence. Those skills take time and effort to master but are essential to succeed in today’s world.

“California is in the process of transforming its schools with increased funding, higher academic standards, more local control, and additional support for students and schools with the greatest needs—and this will take time,” Torlakson said. “This is our first academic check-up on how that work is going, and so I ask parents and educators to take that into account, use this information wisely to help their students, and understand this is a baseline that we will build upon.”

One concern, Torlakson said, is the results indicate the state has a persistent achievement gap—significant differences in scores—among students from low-income families, English learners and some ethnic groups when compared to other students. Overall, 31 percent of students in all grades from low-income families met or exceeded standard in English language arts/literacy and 21 percent met or exceeded standard in math, compared with 64 percent and 53 percent for the subjects, respectively, among other students. (Tables 4 and 5)

Overall, 11 percent of English learners in all grades met or exceeded standard in English language arts/literacy and 11 percent in math, compared with 69 percent and 55 percent for those subjects, respectively, for students proficient in English.

As for scores among all grades for ethnic groups, 72 percent of Asians met or exceeded standard in English language arts/literacy and 69 percent in math, while 28 percent of African Americans met or exceeded standard in English language arts/literacy and 16 percent in math. Other ethnic groups fell between the two. See attached. (Table 4 and 5)

“Clearly, we must continue working to eliminate these gaps,” Torlakson said. “Much work needs to be done, but we are moving in the right direction with our efforts to provide extra resources and services for students and schools with the greatest needs.”

The results also show that teachers, schools, and districts need more time, training and resources to improve student outcomes overall and to meet the high standards California has set, Torlakson said.

Toward that end, CDE helped develop a digital library for districts that contains information to help teachers improve their teaching and to collaborate with each other. In addition, teachers can use interim tests to help them get immediate information about their students’ performance so they can adjust teaching during the year.

“Assessments are like satellite photos — they are snapshots taken at one moment in time,” Torlakson said. “There are many positive changes underway in California’s schools, and I expect CAASPP scores to rise in coming years as students and teachers get more support and more experience with these new standards and assessments.”

The CDE also released results of the California Standards Test for science, which is administered to students in grades five, eight, and ten. These tests are not aligned with California’s recently adopted Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS). Assessments based on these standards are currently being developed. Overall, the percentage of students proficient and above dropped from 61 percent in 2014 to 57 percent in 2015. (Table 6)

In addition, the CDE released results from the optional Standards-based Tests in Spanish (STS) for reading language arts. (Table 7)

# # # #

 

The California Department of Education is a state agency led by State Superintendent of Public Instruction Tom Torlakson. For more information, please visit the California Department of Education’s Web site or by mobile device. You may also follow Superintendent Torlakson on Twitter, Facebook, and YouTube.

Table 1: Percentage of All California Students by Achievement Level for

English Language Arts/Literacy and Mathematics

Content Area Number of Students Tested Number of Students Receiving Parental Exemption1 Percent of Students who Exceeded Standards Percent of Students who Met Standards Percent of Students who Nearly Met Standards Percent of Students who Did Not Meet Standards
English Language Arts/Literacy 3,154,463 19,070 16 28 25 31
Mathematics 3,169,239 19,311 14 19 29 38

Parental exemptions pursuant to Education Code Section 60615 and Section 852 in Title 5 of the California Code of Regulations. These counts are preliminary as local educational agencies have until September 15 to report parental exemptions.

Table 2: Number and Percentage of Students by Grade and Achievement Level for

English Language Arts/Literacy (ELA)

Grade Number of Students Tested Mean Scale Score Percent of Students who Exceeded Standards Percent of Students who Met Standards Percent of Students who Nearly Met Standards Percent of Students who Did Not Meet Standards
Grade 3 470,191 2402.9 18 20 26 36
Grade 4 460,192 2445.7 19 21 21 39
Grade 5 458,127 2487.1 17 27 21 34
Grade 6 453,581 2511.9 13 30 29 28
Grade 7 446,784 2531.7 12 32 25 31
Grade8 445,851 2552.7 12 33 29 26
Grade 11 419,737 2591.9 23 33 24 20
All California Students 3,154,463 16 28 25 31

NOTE:  Percentages may not total to 100 percent due to rounding.

 

Table 3: Number and Percentage of Students by Grade and Achievement Level for

Mathematics

Grade Number of Students Tested Mean Scale Score Percent of Students who Exceeded Standards Percent of Students who Met Standards Percent of Students who Nearly Met Standards Percent of Students who Did Not Meet Standards
Grade 3 473,136 2415.1 14 26 27 33
Grade 4 461,875 2453.8 13 22 35 31
Grade 5 459,918 2480.3 15 15 29 41
Grade 6 456,194 2504.4 15 18 31 36
Grade 7 449,122 2518.5 15 19 29 37
Grade 8 450,101 2534.0 16 17 26 41
Grade 11 418,893 2560.3 11 18 25 45
All California Students 3,169,239 14 19 29 38

NOTE:  Percentages may not total to 100 percent due to rounding.

 

 

Table 4: Statewide Percentage of Students by Group and Achievement Level for

English Language Arts/Literacy

Student Groups Number of Students Tested Percent of Students who Exceeded Standards Percent of Students who Met Standards Percent of Students who Nearly Met Standards Percent of Students who Did Not Meet Standards
All Students 3,154,463 16 28 25 31
Male 1,608,190 13 25 25 36
Female 1,546,273 19 30 25 25
American Indian/ Alaskan Native 21,051 9 23 27 41
Asian 284,288 40 32 16 12
Black or African American 183,984 7 21 26 46
Filipino 114,059 26 37 22 15
Hispanic or Latino 1,655,672 8 24 29 39
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander 16,153 11 27 29 33
White 781,718 26 35 22 18
Two or More Races 97,538 23 30 23 24
English Learner (EL) 607,010 2 9 24 65
English Only (EO) 1,758,757 20 31 24 26
Reclassified Fluent English Proficient (RFEP) 626,680 15 37 32 16
Initially Fluent English Proficient (IFEP) 154,814 34 35 19 12
Migrant 28,344 4 17 27 52
Economically Disadvantaged1 1,892,174 8 23 28 41
Not Economically Disadvantaged 1,262,289 29 35 21 15
Students with Disability 313,076 3 9 18 70
Students with No Reported Disability 2,841,387 18 30 26 26

1  Economically Disadvantaged Students include students eligible for the free and reduced priced meal program (FRPM), foster youth, homeless students, migrant students, and students for whom neither parent is a high school graduate.

NOTE:  Percentages may not total to 100 percent due to rounding.

 

Table 5: Statewide Percentage of Students by Group and Achievement Level for Mathematics

Student Groups Number of Students Tested Percent of Students who Exceeded Standards Percent of Students who Met Standards Percent of Students who Nearly Met Standards Percent of Students who Did Not Meet Standards
All Students 3,169,239 14 19 29 38
Male 1,615,802 15 19 27 39
Female 1,553,437 14 20 30 36
American Indian/ Alaskan Native 21,013 7 15 29 49
Asian 288,012 44 25 19 12
Black or African American 184,291 4 12 27 56
Filipino 114,520 23 29 29 20
Hispanic or Latino 1,663,770 6 15 31 48
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander 16,206 9 18 33 40
White 782,968 22 27 28 23
Two or More Races 98,459 20 23 28 30
English Learner (EL) 616,790 3 8 24 65
English Only (EO) 1,759,796 17 22 29 32
Reclassified Fluent English Proficient (RFEP) 628,115 14 22 35 29
Initially Fluent English Proficient (IFEP) 155,031 31 24 25 20
Migrant 28,746 3 11 29 57
Economically Disadvantaged1 1,901,730 6 15 30 49
Not Economically Disadvantaged 1,267,509 27 26 26 21
Students with Disability 312,984 3 6 16 75
Students with No Reported Disability 2,856,255 15 21 30 33

1               Economically Disadvantaged Students include students eligible for the free and reduced priced meal program (FRPM), foster youth, homeless students, migrant students, and students for whom neither parent is a high school graduate.

NOTE:  Percentages may not total to 100 percent due to rounding.

California Standards Test for Science 2004–2015

Table 6: Science-Grade Level Tests1 – Percentage of Students Scoring at Proficient and Above2

Grade 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 Change in Percentage 2015-2014 Change in Percentage Overall3
Grade 5 24 28 32 37 46 49 55 58 60 57 60 55 -5 31
Grade 8 38 42 52 56 59 63 66 67 66 64 -2 26
Grade 10 35 35 40 44 46 50 53 54 56 53 -3 18
State Total 5, 8, and 10 35 38 46 50 53 57 60 59 61 57 -4 22

1    The California Science Standards Test for grade five was first administered in spring 2004. The California Science Standards Test for grades eight and ten were first administered during spring 2006.

2    Data for 2004 through 2014 are final statewide data. The 2015 data are preliminary and include results for approximately 99% of the students in the state. This table includes results from the California Standards Tests (CSTs) only. Percentages included in this table may differ from the percentages printed on the reports due to rounding.

3   Grade 5 data show changes between 2004 and 2015. Grades 8 and 10 show changes between 2006 and 2015.

 

Standards-based Test in Spanish 2008–15

Table 7: Standards-based Test in Spanish – Reading Language Arts

Percentage of Students Scoring Proficient and Above1

Grade 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 Change in Percentage 2015-2014 Change in Percentage Overall
Grade 2 36 40 35 39 39 36 30 22 -8 -14
Grade 3 34 37 36 36 39 36 18 22 4 -12
Grade 4 30 35 34 36 36 35 28 24 -4 -6
Grade 5 27 28 29 31 28 25 27 2 0
Grade 6 30 29 32 33 32 34 28 -6 -2
Grade 7 31 30 35 36 35 30 30 -0 -1
Grade 8 32 33 23 -10 -9
Grade 9 32 32 23 -9 -9
Grade 10 36 29 26 -3 10
Grade 11 31 35 31 -4 0

 

1          This table includes results from the Standards-based Tests in Spanish (STS) for Reading Language Arts only. The 2015 data are preliminary and include results for approximately 99% of the students in the state. Percentages included in this table may differ from the percentages printed on the reports due to rounding

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